National Government in South Africa
The national government of South Africa is the supreme governing authority of the Republic of South Africa. It is composed of the President of South Africa, the National Assembly, the National Council of Provinces, and the Cabinet.
The President is the head of state and government of South Africa. The President is elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years. The President appoints the Cabinet, which is responsible for the day-to-day running of the government.
The National Assembly is the lower house of Parliament. The National Assembly has 400 members, who are elected by popular vote for a term of five years. The National Assembly is responsible for passing laws, approving the national budget, and declaring war.
The National Council of Provinces is the upper house of Parliament. The National Council of Provinces has 90 members, who are elected by the provincial legislatures for a term of five years. The National Council of Provinces is responsible for representing the interests of the provinces in national government.
The national government is responsible for a wide range of matters, including:
- National security
- Foreign policy
- Economic policy
- Health care
- Social welfare
- Infrastructure development
- Environmental protection
The national government is also responsible for implementing the laws passed by Parliament.
The national government is headquartered in Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa.