South Africa is one of the most industrialized countries in Africa.

South Africa Land surface area: 1 220 813 km2

Key economic sectors
Mining services and transport, energy, manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture

Population

Mid-year Population Estimates, 2017
Total: 56,52 million
Male: 27,62 million (49%)
Female: 28,9 million (51%)

Official languages

English
isiZulu
isiXhosa
isiNdebele
Afrikaans
siSwati
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
Tshivenda
Xitsonga

Currency

Rand (ZAR) – 100 cents equals one rand.

Time

GMT +2 hours

Government

Constitutional multiparty, three spheres – local, provincial and national government.

Capitals

Pretoria (administrative)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial)

The Constitutional Court is located in Johannesburg.

Provinces

Eastern Cape
Free State
Gauteng
KwaZulu-Natal
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
Northern Cape
North West
Western Cape

Transportation

Excellent roads, rail and air facilities (both domestic and international).

Public transport in major cities include the Gautrain between Johannesburg and Pretoria, and the Bus Rapid Transport System in major cities.

Telecommunications

World-class infrastructure. Internet access is widely available. There are five mobile (cellular) networks.

Health

Top-quality public and private healthcare are available throughout the country. Malaria precautions are necessary in some areas.

Source: Statistics South Africa’s Mid-year Population Estimates, 2017

Mid-year estimates by population group and sex, 2017
Population group Male Female Total
Number % of total male population Number % of total female population Number % of total population
Black African 22 311 400 80,8 23 345 000 80,8 45 656 400  80,8
Coloured 2 403 400 8,7 2 559 500 8,9 4 962 900 8,8
Indian/Asian 719 300 2,6 689 800 2,4 1 409 100 2,5
White 2 186 500 7,9 2 307 100 8,0 4 493 500 8,0
Total 27 620 600  100,0 28 901 400  100,0 56 521 900  100,0
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